We look forward to seeing you at one of these events!
We look forward to seeing you at one of these events!
We have a great deal planned for 2015, and it’ll start with a bang. We have a new software release almost ready to go, and our contributors continue to upload and add lots of materials to tDAR. The tDAR application had two major updates in 2014, knap and lithic. A bunch of new features were added including enhancing users’ profile pages, allowing users to duplicate resources for faster customization and upload, and dedicated pages for keywords.
New content was added to tDAR by our clients and contributors including a number of amazing 3D scans from around the world uploaded by CAST; materials from the USAF Shaw Air Force Base and Avon Park Air Force Range; and reports from PaleoResearch Institute. Closer to home, our ASU colleagues Michelle Hegmon, Margaret Nelson, and Katherine Spielmann and their students continue to add content related to their research on Mimbres ceramics and sites and Southwestern faunal collections to tDAR.
We are continuing our work, begun in earnest last fall with the Corps of Engineers and the US Air Force on digital archaeological archives for their bases and other facilities. We are also still working with the Phoenix Area Office of the Bureau of Reclamation and Midwest Archeological Center of the National Park Service on their rich archives of archaeological material.
We have partnered with the relatively new Center for Archaeology and Society here at ASU and begun collaborating with the Archaeological Institute of America, about which more in another post. We continue our work with our partners at the Society for American Archaeology on activities that promote good digital curation of archaeological data. We can’t wait to see what the rest of 2015 holds.
Content added to tDAR in 2014
While we do not maintain detailed statistics on users or use to protect user and contributor privacy, we can share some interesting aggregate data. Below are the most frequently viewed and downloaded resources.
- Prehistoric Irrigation in Arizona: Symposium 1988 (10265)
- Mimbres Pottery Images Digital Database (MimPIDD) (6411)
- Aztec Ruin Dendro Data (3293)
- Sapelo Island (3207)
- Standards for Data Collection from Human Skeletal Remains (2093)
- Jordan’s Journey (44PG302) (2000)
- The Archaeology of Highland Chiriqui, Panama — Documents, Images, and Datasets (1450)
- Eaton Site (1324)
- Aztec West Ruin: Perishable Artifacts and Pottery from Excavations by the American Museum of Natural History (1248)
- Tikal Report 11: Map of the Ruins of Tikal, El Petén, Guatemala and Georeferenced Versions of the Maps Therein (1193)
- Exploring Iran: The Photography of Erich F. Schmidt, 1930-1940, Supplementary Material (112)
- Part 3: Quiriguá Wider Periphery, Additional Illustrations and Tables (89)
- Grand Challenges for Archaeology – Crowd Sourcing Report (80)
- EMAP – Obsidian Flakes (58)
- Archeological Investigations at Joshua Tree National Park, California (49)
- Petroglyphs of the Picacho Mountains, South Central Arizona (40)
- Tikal Report 11: Georeferenced Map- “Ruins of Tikal” (with border) (39)
- Submerged Cultural Resources Study: USS Arizona Memorial and Pearl Harbor National Historic Landmark (39)
- Mimbres Pottery Database (Public) (37)
- Tikal Report 11: Georeferenced Map- “Ruins of Tikal” (with border) (27)
Culture Keywords (most used)
Investigation Types (most used)
- Data Recovery / Excavation (435)
- Heritage Management (201)
- Reconnaissance / Survey (101)
- Site Evaluation / Testing (98)
- Historic Background Research (82)
- Archaeological Overview (71)
- Systematic Survey (58)
- Methodology, Theory, or Synthesis (35)
- Site Stewardship Monitoring (32)
- Collections Research (28)
Material Types (most used)
Site Type Keyword (most used)
Other Keyword (most used)
People (most used)
Institutions (most used)
- USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office (234)
- Fort Lee Regional Archaeological Curation Facility (172)
- Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory (167)
- Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (125)
- PaleoResearch Institute (113)
- R. Christopher Goodwin and Associates (99)
- Arizona State Museum (96)
- Louis Berger (95)
- John Milner Associates, Inc. (81)
- Army — Archaeology and Historic Preservation Program (76)
Archaeologist, Glen Rice, emeritus professor in the School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University and former director of ASU’s Office of Cultural Resource Management, has been awarded the 2014 Don D. and Catherine S. Fowler Prize for his forthcoming book, Sending the Spirits Home: The Archaeology of Hohokam Mortuary Practices, to be published by the University of Utah Press. The honor acknowledges “substantive research and quality writing [that] focus on the human experience in the American West.” Some of the archaeological data and information upon which Dr. Rice drew for his book are available in tDAR (the Digital Archaeological Record).
Rice specializes in the Hohokam and Mogollon cultures, which has given him the opportunity to oversee several excavations of Hohokam sites done by the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT). In 2003, Rice and Brenda Shears, an ASU colleague received funding from ADOT to digitize the large number of highway archaeology reports and other information about the archaeological investigations in the Phoenix basin. These were published as Intersections: Pathways Through Time, a set of CD-ROM disks, cutting edge technology at the time.
In 2010, the Center for Digital Antiquity added all of the Intersections material to tDAR where it now can be accessed widely. Since being added to tDAR, the Intersection project page, from which all 39 of the reports published for the various highway archaeology investigations can be accessed and downloaded, has been viewed over 3,630 times.
Congratulations to Dr. Rice for this well-deserved award!
The Challenge poses the question, “How might we leverage libraries as a platform to build more knowledgeable communities?” Our project, Digging Up Data – Teaching and Learning with Digital Repositories like the Digital Archaeological Record, is designed to help teachers and students learn to find and use the information stored online in digital repositories. Many digital repositories provide free and open content to users who are searching for information on a topic, and include everything from documents, to 3D printer files, to photographs, and audio and video collections.
The goal of Digging Up Data is to give teachers and students an incentive to use digital repositories and become familiar with the wealth of information they contain. Libraries understand how to collect, archive and make digital information accessible – in digital repositories. But, if you ask someone “where should I look for information on X” they will likely respond “read a book” or “search Google” but not “search in a digital repository.” The Digging Up Data team want to help teachers and students leverage digital repositories to find the “hidden” information, the new special collections, that libraries and domain repositories are now building and maintaining. Our project employs a contest format to incentivize teachers to design assignments that help students engage with and make use of the amazing digital materials in repositories such as tDAR.
To find out more about our project please check out our proposal at the Knight News Challege Website (direct link to tDAR’s entry here). Submissions are evaluated by a team of outside reviewers, but the projects are visible to the public who are able to show support (via “applause”) and provide feedback. Any comments or suggestions for improvement would be very welcome in the comments section at the end of the proposal, as would your “applause”. Thanks!
tDAR’s Entry to the Knight News Challenge:
The Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies (CAST), University of Arkansas advances research, education, and outreach about geoinformatics, geomatics, and related digital data techniques (e.g., GIS, geospatial modeling, high density survey, remote sensing, etc.). The center, in collaboration with NSF, announced the Spatial Archaeometry Research Collaboration (SPARC) program to further the promotion of geospatial research in archaeology.
CAST recently published 3D scans of several famous archaeological sites through tDAR to publish the center’s work. As part of a Digital Antiquity grant project, CAST researchers curated scan data from high-density surveys at Machu Picchu, Peru; Tiwanaku, Boliva; Ostia, Italy, and Stabiae, Italy.
CAST’s 3D scans allow you to experience the built environment of these incredible places. Moreover, the center’s data allow researchers and interested users to conduct metric analyses of scanned structures and features.
Explore Macchu Pichu, its temples, and neighboring Huayna Picchu at https://core.tdar.org/collection/27264.
Visit Tiwanaku and study the site’s monuments at https://core.tdar.org/collection/27266.
Take a digital trip to Ostia, Italy and examine its architecture at https://core.tdar.org/collection/27267.
Finally, experience Stabia, Italy and the site’s Villa Arianna at https://core.tdar.org/collection/27268.
CAST researchers created documentation to help you download and view the center’s 3D scan data sets. User documentation is available at the following web address: https://dev.tdar.org/confluence/display/TDAR/Working+With+3D+Sensory+Data+Objects. The guide also teaches you how to get started with simple metric analyses of these data sets.
- Simplified sign-up, purchase, and download experiences
- A new dashboard where non-contributing users can search and use tDAR more easily
- Various performance and security improvements
- New “Contact” functionality allows users to request access to a confidential file, suggest a correction, or connect with the record owner for any tDAR record
- Redesigned Collection edit page to make it simpler to use
- Improved loading speed for image galleries with lots of images
- Improved searching:
- Better relevancy ranking and results for resources in tDAR for a number of cases including Site Codes, pluralization, and multi-word terms
- Collections that may be related to your search are now displayed along with search results
- When viewing search results on a map, hovering your mouse over a result will reveal that resource’s geographic area (for public resources only)
- Better relevancy ranking when displaying map results
- User Notifications on the dashboard are more personalized and dismissible
- The ability to copy or duplicate existing resources in tDAR
- Improvements in data integration:
- Simplified filter page for data integration that does not permit filtering of values that do not exist in the selected data
- Users can now auto-select specific columns when integrating resultsUsers can now associate external DOIs with any resource type except projects
The Center for Digital Antiquity is delighted to welcome Cynthia Pillote as the newest member of the Digital Antiquity Board of Directors. Ms. Pillote is an attorney specializing in intellectual property at Snell and Wilmer, a law firm based in the Phoenix area with offices throughout the western United States.
Ms. Pillote’s expertise is in working with clients to develop, implement and manage business strategies for procuring, maintaining and enforcing intellectual property rights. Her practice includes U.S. and foreign patent, trademark and copyright prosecution; patent due diligence; technology transfer and licensing; and business transactions. Cynthia’s technical experience has primarily focused on nanotechnology, semiconductors and semiconductor manufacturing, medical devices and products, organic and inorganic chemistry compounds and processes, pharmaceuticals, life sciences, electronic commerce, mechanical devices, mining technology, green technology and electronic communication.
Ms. Pillote holds a B. S. in Chemical Engineering and a M. S. in Materials Science Engineering from Arizona State University. She also is a graduate of the Sandra Day O’Conner College of Law at ASU. Cynthia’s knowledge, skills and abilities will greatly benefit Digital Antiquity. We look forward to her input and guidance as tDAR and Digital Antiquity continue to grow!
Earlier this week NPR’s All Tech Considered explored the question, “How Long Do CDs Last?” Since the 1990s an increasing amount of data began to be stored on CDs. According to Michele Youket, a Library of Congress preservation specialist quoted in the story, there is considerable variation in manufacturing standards for CDs. This means there aren’t standard tools for preservation that will work on all CDs. So, as these CDs age and decay, the data stored on them is at risk of being lost.
While individuals, libraries, and archaeological curation facilities around the country store CDs that contain archaeological information, many are not equipped to preserve them properly. A better solution to continuing to store important archaeological data on CDs—where it might be lost—is to put them in a digital repository, such as tDAR. tDAR is a dynamic solution for archaeologists worried about losing important data and information. Digital files archived in tDAR are stored and preserved with rich, discipline specific metadata. The files are actively checked for corruption at the time of ingest and then on a regular schedule. Additionally, tDAR combats software obsolescence by maintaining files in current standards so that our users can download and use them long into the future. This level of service and support is something you will not get from a CD. If you’re interested in learning more about ensuring the long term preservation of your digital archaeological information, contact us today.
Written By M. Scott Thompson
M. Scott Thompson is a Digital Curator at The Center for Digital Antiquity. He received his PhD from Arizona State University in May 2014.
Dissertation data should remain alive in the digital age. I am trying to maintain my dissertation data as living, usable data by curating multiple sets in a widely accessible digital repository – the Digital Archaeological Record (tDAR). Let me tell you how and why I ditched the appendix.
Curating Dissertation Data in a Digital Repository
Recently, I completed my dissertation titled “Interaction with the Incorporeal in the Mississippian and Ancestral Puebloan Worlds.” The project is a comparative examination of the performance of mortuary ritual in the Prehispanic American Southeast and Southwest to understand the identities for the spirits of the dead in these two cultural environments. The examination involved the collection, management, and analysis of large amounts of mortuary data that span multiple archaeological culture areas.
I decided to present the dissertation data solely through tDAR (no appendices necessary). You can view the dissertation project page at the following URL: http://core.tdar.org/project/380979. Here is how I “published” all that data online.
Foremost, I curated the dissertation’s primary, raw data in tDAR. I uploaded the complete relational database that I used for collecting and managing the project’s information. I was able to make the primary data available immediately to other researchers who are interested in the dissertation. Moreover, I continue to manage and enhance the primary data and all the associated metadata. I am still currently documenting the large amounts of metadata that describe the database.
Second, I wanted to curate the processed data sets that I used in each of the study’s analyses, as well as the metric results that each statistical analysis returned. In the dissertation project, I conducted a series of multivariate, exploratory data analysis (EDA) procedures to characterize particular aspects of mortuary ritual within large mortuary samples. In order to perform these analyses, I had to process and format the raw data a great deal. During the course of the analyses, I gathered analysis results (such as multiple correspondence analysis [MCA] and multidimensional scaling [MDS] scores), and then continued to manipulate that information to interpret it. I needed to present these data in a way that allowed other researchers to obtain and use it – with no additional effort.
I uploaded to tDAR the processed data and the results that pertain to each multivariate analysis. These data are directly linked to figures and tables that present analysis results in the document. I placed persistent URL addresses in relevant figure captions and in the text to direct readers to appropriate tDAR resources/pages. You can view several of the processed/analysis results data sets at the following URLs: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/391946 and https://core.tdar.org/dataset/391948.
I hope that the curation of my dissertation data with tDAR ensures that these data are widely available in easily accessible, active formats. Like all others who spend too many years to count with their dissertation projects, I want the data to be used. I want other researchers to continue to analyze the information, to build upon or perhaps refute my study’s results, and to discover novel ways to approach these data in order to answer other questions.
Thinking Beyond the Appendix to Save Your Dissertation Data
In the paper age, authoring a dissertation presented many challenges for publishing associated data. The document itself was often the only venue for presenting these data. A manuscript does not offer ideal or even suitable formats for publishing large amounts of data. Presentation of data in a dissertation requires an author to make difficult decisions about data simplification simply to fit information into neat tables, which then span page after page after page. It eliminates any relationships that exist among the pieces of information. Finally, it lengthens a manuscript that, as your chair and your committee often remind you, is already long enough.
The dissertation’s primary vehicle for data presentation was and typically still is the dreaded appendix. Lurking beyond the dissertation’s references, appendices are often a no man’s land of supplementary information. They are long halls of formatted tables, with lists of categorical variables, numbers, and codes. Because they are printed, they require researchers to conduct hours of work to recreate the data in a format that can be manipulated and used. Thus, the appendices are only visited by those researchers who have such a pressing need to understand a dissertation’s primary data that they are willing to digitize it and re-analyze it.
In the digital age, there are new and emerging ways to disseminate dissertation data. These technologies and digital venues can lift dissertation data from the depths of appendices and place the information in curated formats that are widely discoverable. Through the use of digital data repositories, authors can preserve their primary data in perpetuity and make them widely available. Most importantly, though, they can use digital repository tools to ensure that the data are usable, right away.
It’s Still Alive
Let’s make the printed dissertation appendix a vestigial structure. With new digital technologies and venues, we have an opportunity to move beyond the simple publishing of data.
We have tools that allow us to curate and present primary data in increasingly flexible and creative formats. These tools enable authors and other researchers to interact with primary data in the formats in which they were originally created. More importantly, they allow researchers to interact with primary data in new and exciting ways, which can promote and even demand collaboration, continued manipulation, and growth of existing data. Let’s consider the management and presentation of dissertation data as a living process.
Dissertation data should not become the undead. Dissertation data should remain alive.